ii. A doctor conducts a medical exam and can diagnose and treat an eye or ear problem. Medarva Vision & Hearing Screening FAQ

Frequently Asked Questions about the
MEDARVA Vision & Hearing Screening Program

Screenings are important because a child's vision and hearing can change dramatically over a short period of time. Screenings can identify potential vision and hearing problems so they can be treated early. Our research has also shown that 20% of all children screened do not pass the vision or hearing screening regardless of socio-economic status.
The results from your child’s screenings by the MEDARVA Vision & Hearing Program provide you with information on your child’s eye and ear health. Screening results are a snap shot in time. A pass result means your child is currently able to complete the screening without any detected issues. A refer result indicates the need for further evaluation by an eye or ear specialist.
A refer simply means that the results of the screenings indicate that there is a need for either a more complete vision or hearing examination. Please understand that many things can affect a child’s vision or hearing. It is recommended that your child see an eye and ear specialist for a more comprehensive exam.
There are many different criteria that can determine whether a child receives pass/refer results from vision or hearing screenings.


Some of the more common issues include:

ANISOMETROPIA (an-ī’sō-me-trō’pē-ă)
significant difference of vision between each eye

ASTIGMATISM (ə-stĭg′mə-tĭz′əm)
corneal curvature; results in blurred vision

HYPEROPIA (hī′pə-rō′pē-ə)

MYOPIA (mī-ō′pē-ə)

GAZE ASYMMETRY (gāz ā′sĭ-mĕt′rĭk)
eyes not moving together correctly

STRABISMUS (strə-bĭz′məs)
also known as cross-eye, eyes that are misaligned or not straight

ANISOCORIA (an-ˌī-sō-ˈkōr-ē-ə)
unequal pupil sizes

AMBLYOPIA (am-blē-ˈō-pē-ə)
also known as lazy eye


The auditory screener plays a series of animal sounds at a low and high volume level in each ear through noise canceling headphones. The child is given a picture display of four different animals. When the child hears the animal sound they are instructed to identify the animal by pointing to the correct picture. This allows us to determine if the child is able to hear at the two different levels of volume. If the child does not respond to one or more of the screening volume levels, they will be referred to their pediatrician for further evaluation.

If your child’s screening results indicate a need for a comprehensive eye exam, please contact your local eye care specialist or contact one of the physician's listed on our site. You should provide the vision screening results to your physician.
If your child’s screening results indicate a possible issue with hearing, you will need to follow up with your child’s pediatrician to schedule a more in-depth examination.
Our screenings are provided at no cost to the school or parents. Our program is funded through the MEDARVA Foundation which is the non-profit side of MEDARVA Healthcare. MEDARVA Healthcare, Stony Point Surgery Center, believes in creating access to care inside as well as outside their walls. We have a Chief Innovation Officer that fundraises for the program as well as our proud sponsors that actively support what we do. These sponsors are CBS 6, Richmond Family Magazine, TowneBank and the Scott Foundation.

vision screening  vision screening

• Designed for children ages 3 and older, screenings are non-invasive and take just a few minutes per child to complete. We use the Plusoptix Mobile Screener, the world leader in objective vision screening devices. All children need to do is simply look at the smiley face on the device and the camera will take their picture in seconds. Hearing screenings are done using a proprietary hearing screener specifically designed for the program. The screener uses headphones and plays a series of animal sounds at different volume levels and the child identifies which animal they heard.
Screenings cannot be used to diagnose an eye or ear problem, but rather may indicate a potential need for further evaluation. A doctor conducts a medical exam and can diagnose and treat an eye or ear problem.

8700 Stony Point Parkway, Suite 100, Richmond, VA


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